Memory, as experts have been trying to teach judges and jurors, does not
function like an iPhone camera recording. Memories can not only be deleted;
they can be altered or invented without you even realizing it.
This was shown in a
study published last year in the
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, which involved 861 U.S. soldiers enrolled in a survival school. As part
of training, they endured abusive interrogations. Afterward, many were
shown a photo of someone who looked nothing like their interrogator, and
interviewers insinuated that the person depicted was the culprit. Eighty-four
percent of the soldiers misidentified their interrogators after being
misled and some also remembered weapons or telephones that never existed.
Read more about this subject in an
article by Newsweek.